Chlamydia: most common symptoms and treatment
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world and, if left untreated, it can lead to infertility. The risk of getting chlamydia partly depends on the number of sexual partners someone has. Both men and women are at risk of contracting it, and in addition, a pregnant woman who has chlamydia can pass on the infection to her newborn. Chlamydia treatment is not complicated, but needs to be approved and carried out by experienced specialists to combat the symptoms faster and prevent further complications.
Symptoms of chlamydia:
- An increased urge to urinate;
- Pain and a burning sensation when urinating;
- Unusual discharge from the urethra, vagina or rectum;
- Bleeding between periods;
- Inflammation of sexual organs.
However, people who have chlamydia often do not experience any symptoms because the infection can be “dormant”. People often contact a doctor only because of a consequence of this infection: infertility. If the infection is active, the symptoms usually appear between a few days and 8 months after it is contracted.
The most effective treatments:
- A single dose of antibiotics. This treatment is exceptionally effective. Even after completing one dose of antibiotics, you should avoid sexual intercourse for approximately a week. Chlamydia treatment is an easy and quick process in the early stages of infection. Pregnant women are usually prescribed a different kind of antibiotics, which do not damage the fetus.
- 10-to-14-day antibiotic treatment. This is a reliable treatment that is prescribed depending on the patient’s health and test results. After completing this treatment, it is necessary to come for a check-up after 6 weeks. Both long-term partners should have this check-up.
- Treatment of all sexual partners. If you are diagnosed with this infection, all your partners – both past and present – need to get tested. This is the only way to stop the disease from spreading, or to find the person from whom you contracted the disease. Even though it may be uncomfortable to inform people about a possible infection, it is necessary to understand that this is the only way to help them. For instance, if an infected partner does not know about the infection but is expecting a child, their child can develop conjunctivitis or pneumonia, as well as spread the infection.
- Chlamydia treatment is effective only when you understand that you are responsible for it. It is imperative to abstain from any sexual intercourse, otherwise you risk contracting chlamydia again. You can renew having sexual intercourse only after your doctor has confirmed that you are completely healthy. It is important to go for a check-up every year if you have recently had more than one sexual partner and your relationship was temporary.
Only a specially approved and completed treatment regime can help avoid contracting the infection again. It is usually more complicated to treat the infection if it recurs – so take care of your health, avoid frequently changing partners, and if you are diagnosed with chlamydia, pay attention to your doctor’s instructions.