Best ways to enjoy a sunny weather
In this article we would like to advice you how to minimize risks caused by heat, what symptoms should require immediate attention and how to deal with a situation if you suspect a heat stroke.
On hot days we sweat a lot, we lose a lot of salt and microelements necessary for the body. Older people or those who spend almost a full day outdoors are at risk of sun exposure or heat stroke, also known as hyperthermia. Heat is also quite dangerous for people with diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular, respiratory, mental, severe chronic and thyroid diseases, young children and pregnant women.
What dangers could have a prolonged heat wave ?
During periods of hot weather the human body loses a lot of fluids, which thickens the blood and changes its coagulation. This could result a blood thrombosis and hypertensive crisis. That can be complicated by a heart attack or an acute stroke. People belonging to high risk groups should always be alert and listen to their body carefully.
Best ways to enjoy a sunny weather.
- On a hot day don’t stay in the sun too long, avoid peak UV radiation period of 11am–3pm
- Drink more often than normal. Younger people with good kidney function should drink about 3 litres of fluid a day. The best drinks are water, natural juice and unsweetened tea. Pay special attention to your food, which should be easy to digest
- Avoid alcohol, salted food and tonic drinks
- Get yourself some suitable natural fibre clothing, light footwear, wear a head cover
- Use a sunscreen cream
- Limit outdoors physical activity during a heat wave
What are the signs of a sunstroke? What symptoms needs immediate attention?
First and foremost, if you feel unwell, seek medical assistance or help from people around you. Immediate response is required if:
- You feel an increased heart rate and respiration, headache and dizziness, ringing in the ears, body’s imbalance
- You feel even the slightest pain in the heart area, tiredness shortness of breath, weakness
- You feel having a fever – body temperature could rise to 38-41 degrees
- You feel dehydrated, sleepy, sluggish
- Your skin has reddened
- You feel impaired coordination, flickering in the eyes
The above conditions can cause a heart attack, restriction of brain function and spasms. Some people can lose consciousness, so when you feel unwell you don’t want to be on your own.
What groups are most vulnerable to sunstrokes?
Older people should be more careful because their blood vessel walls are stiffer, more calcified, making it harder for the body to cool down. Young children, pregnant women, overweight people, those who are engaged in outdoors physical activity and people with certain medical conditions.
What to do first if a person near you feels unwell?
- If possible, move a person in to a cool place. Put a pillow or wrapped clothes under the feet. It helps to improve blood circulation in the head and heart.
- Loosen clothing and ventilate the body using any suitable ways available.
- Put a cold compress on the head, moisten the face, lips and neck with water.
- Give a drink, preferably something sour. Remember that if a person is unconscious, don’t give water as it will clog the airways. Put a person on a side, ventilate the body and seek medical assistance.
- If possible monitor a body’s temperature.
- If you feel a person is not getting any better or getting worse, seek medical assistance immediately
- Overheated people shouldn’t jump into the water and try to cool down – the body will get a shock.
People tolerate heat differently, so there are no recommendations on what temperatures can be dangerous. It is important to listen to the needs of your body and follow the above recommendations that will help you to feel well and be able to avoid more serious problems.
What are the risks of ignoring the symptoms caused by the sun?
You may have a stroke or a heart attack. So if, on a hot day, you feel unwell and your conditions are only getting worse, don’t delay and seek a medical assistance.
Stay safe and enjoy a sunny weather !