Gum disease: serious but curable
Poor oral hygiene, fast food, fizzy drinks and some medicinal products – all of these can cause gum disease, one of the most common dental infections. It can spread to dental tissues and, if not spotted early, can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease treatment is essential in order to avoid any consequences detrimental to our health.
The main symptoms of gum disease:
- Bleeding gums while brushing your teeth;
- Bad breath;
- Tender, swollen gums;
- Red, blue or purple oral cavity;
- Teeth appear longer than usual.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should make an appointment to see your dentist immediately. The medical specialist will help you combat the symptoms and explain how to avoid further inflammation. Sometimes good oral health can simply depend on using appropriate toothpaste and taking other basic dental hygiene measures.
How can such infections be treated?
- Tooth polishing performed by dentists. Polishing is carried out using gritty toothpaste, an electronic toothbrush and a special dental tool known as an ultrasonic scaler. This gum disease treatment helps to remove dental plaque and bacteria. If the inflammation evolves into periodontitis, then more extensive polishing will be needed.
- If the disease progresses, dentists suggest surgery. This is rare, but surgery may be necessary if more extensive dental polishing is required.
- Antibiotics or other medicines are sometimes required to treat gum disease. They are also prescribed should you need any extensive, detailed treatment plan. This treatment is usually chosen when surgery cannot be performed in time. Medicines are, of course, necessary if you feel pain or any other discomfort in your gums.
- Antiseptic mouthwash. Mouthwash helps to prevent the build-up of plaque. The preventative use of mouthwash after brushing your teeth can help to avoid complications. This gum disease treatment can be conducted by patients themselves, but it is important that such mouthwashes are approved by dental specialists.
Treatment depends on the level of gum disease and should be planned by a qualified specialist. Only dentist-approved treatments can ensure an effective result of good oral health.
Which factors can increase the risk of gum disease?
- Breathing through your mouth;
- Unsuitable dentures;
- Low-quality fillings;
- Dental plaque;
- Damaged teeth;
- Poor oral hygiene.
In order to avoid any additional risks of gum disease, it is recommended that you take vitamin supplements, drink enough water and eat vegetables. You should choose drinks and food that contain zero or very little sugar. The stronger your immune system, the more easily it can combat gum disease, as well as other health issues.